Corruption in Indonesia: Reconstructing The Organisational Institutionalism Approach

Kamis, 21 Maret 2013, Tempat : Ruang Rapat Departemen Sosiologi, Gedung C Lantai 2 FISIP UI Depok, 14:00 WIB, Penyelengara : Departemen Sosiologi FISIPUI

Of all the social sciences, sociology might be expected to the one most concerned about corruption, and to have developed a consolidated perspective of this problem. Surprisingly, however, this is not the case. Since Alatas published his seminal work in the 1970s on the sociology of corruption, no book has dealt systematically with the problem of corruption from the sociological perspective. The articles that have been published in journals or books apply particular sociological concepts such as gratification (Granovetter), interests, identities, and organisational frameworks (Misangyi, 2008), networks (Klinken and Aspinal, 2001), social trust and legitimacy (Jimenez, 2004), and social capital (Widmalm, 2004). The article by Granovetter on gratification (2007) aside, most articles attempt to analyse cases by applying particular concepts rather than problematizing them. Moreover, sociology has yet to develop theoretical framework of corruption, rather than simply applying concepts. The concepts used in most articles are loose, and in some cases mix sociological, public administration, and political concepts. This article aims to construct a framework of organisational institutionalism to understand corruption in Indonesia. Section one presents selected cases of corruption in Indonesia. Section two provides an overview of several analytical sociological works on corruption. They are applied to cases of corruption in Indonesia to show that these sociological analyses fall short when it comes to a country with rampant corruption. Section three of the paper constructs a framework of organisational institutionalism that is based on academic thought on this subject. Section four extrapolates from the cases dimensions that contribute organisational institutionalism framework.